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The concept of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was born in the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio + 20, which took place in 2012. The objective was to produce a universally applicable goals set that balance the three dimensions of sustainable development: the environmental dimension, the social dimension and the economic dimension.

From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals

"The world we want after 2015: human being and planet first!" Here is clearly expressed aspirations of the world population for their post-2015 living conditions.

The document stemming from Rio + 20 entitled "The Future We Want" highlighted a number of priorities to guide this reflection towards a better world. These priorities include: (i) inclusive economic development; (Ii) protection of the environment and the sustainability of natural resources; and (iii) peace and security. A process to concretize the initiative was launched by the United Nations: the elaboration of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Why pass from Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals?

Regarding the issue about social, economic and current and future environmental challenges our planet faces, everyone now agrees on the fact that these challenges are interrelated and must be handled through an united and common approach. The environment must, in the same way as social and economic factors, be considered in order to achieve truly sustainable development worldwide. Only by integrating these three dimensions it will be possible to make necessary transition to ensure human well-being and respect for the environment in the long term.

During the General Assembly of the United Nations in September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals were adopted by all member States, on the horizon 2030. The summit marked the second UN deadline of a series composed by 3rd Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa (July 2015) and the Conference on climate in Paris ( December 2015).

More than the convergence of three processes, these events write a common history for the sustainability of humanity, carrying all players: poor countries as well as rich ones, but also civil society, communities, private sector, international agencies, development banks ...

The Agenda 2030 lists 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets. SDGs are the result of Rio + 20 conference marking the 20th anniversary of Agenda 21 for sustainable development. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) falling due, they guarantee its continuation : fight against poverty and hunger, access to education, gender equality promotion, health improving, ensuring environmental sustainability and the need for a global partnership for sustainable development, as well as interconnected new themes such as fight against climate change, or the advent of peaceful societies permitting access for everybody to justice.

What is new with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

One of SDGs major novelties is their universal dimension. Indeed, while the MDG focused primarily on developing countries, calendar 2030 concerns all countries of the world. This will involve differentiated implementations. This agenda represents a roadmap that takes as starting point the desire to live well for everyone. So this project has a potential to transform for the next 15 years and beyond: it is only if all players maintain their commitment and apprehend all the objectives together that our generation and the next one will have a chance to experience a world dreamed for generations.

To implement this agenda, states are guided by the conclusions of the Conference on Financing for Development in Addis Ababa. Aren’t SDGs an agenda not to leave anyone out? The Action Plan of Addis, first stage of implementation of this "common history", confirm a new approach for the interests of societies combining environmental and economic sustainability but also reformulates the nature of development financing, leaving an important room to the private sector. In parallel, the 0.7% of States GNP for development aid were reiterated, but no calendar fixing the stages of this commitment has been established.

The paradigm change goes well beyond: new and more sustainable development ways.This agenda must take into account the conclusions of the COP21, not only towards the ODD number 13 about fight against climate change, but also towards the next steps of our planet development which will continue to go wrong if governments and other players do not act.

In Senegal, the UN System has created a Task Force, composed of several agencies, whose first duty is to think, together with the national parties (Government & Civil Society), about a national strategy implementation of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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